The Italian wine export is constantly growing since 2021, according to data with +12,6% in the next 11 months and a record perspective 7,1 billion of euro. According on the analysis by the Observatory Uiv-Vinitaly there has been a «revenge spending» in the third Countries, that has had as their main character Italian sparkling wine. In the analysis on the extra-UE export during last year, the american market has had a growth in demand of almost +43% of Prosecco.

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328 Prodotti

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6 units / carton

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75cl
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75cl
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328 Prodotti

When we talk about sparkling wines, it usually refers to effervescent sparkling wines, having a higher presence of carbon dioxide capable of creating that patina above defined as "sparkling". Even the taste will be more effervescent. Let's talk about sparkling wines and how they are made.

 

Sparkling wines: history and ancient origins

The Italian sparkling wine was born thanks to Carlo Gancia, a young wine entrepreneur that in 1850 tried the champnoise method on local grapes from Piemonte, in particular white muscat vines.

 

As a matter of fact, the sparkling wine has very ancient origins; it is also cited in the Holy Bible, at the 75 Psalm. It stated that “A cup where a wine is foaming is a wine supported by the Most High’s hands, by Javhé, as a sign of devotion and acknowledgement”.

 

Rosé wine was already a very discussed topic during the Roman era. It was defined as ‘wine with foam’, even if it had a more embryonic production process, refined with time and technological evolution. At the time, it was divided into aigleucos and ancinatico. They are two types of effervescent wines. The name aigleucos refers to a sparkling wine, produced by mixing most with honey that has rested in cold water, in order to slow the fermentation process. The ancinatico, instead, was made with different kinds of grapes, which were already dried.

 

With the Renaissance, people started again to discuss about the sparkling wine production, even if we must wait up until the second half of the 800s, for the rise of the great producing companies, that are still famous nowadays, such as Gancia.

 

Bubbles: how you can create them

Bubbles are not all the same. Let’s find out the different method to produce sparkling wines.

 

The classic method: The classic method consists in transforming the wine in sparkling one directly in the bottle. The sugar and the added yeasts will receive a second alcoholic fermentation, producing carbon dioxide that, after being forced inside the bottle, will give to the wine its traditional foam. A mixture of wine, sugar, and yeasts, selected for the refermentation in the bottle, will be added to the base wine. The refermented wine will have a higher alcohol by volume of about 1.2% vol and the presence of higher carbon dioxide, that is bubbles.

 

Champenoise method: Whenever someone mentions about the Champenoise method, they refer exclusively to the champagne production. In fact, there is a European directive that bans the use of the term ‘Champenois’ to all the sparkling wines outside of the Champagne region.

 

Martinotti method: with this method, the refermentation takes place in autoclaves. Because of the fastness of the production process, the wine scents are almost evident. In order to accelerate the production process and reduce the costs, the Italian Federico Martinotti, director of the Royal Asti Wine Station, has the idea of making sparkling wine in a big watertight container, similar to an autoclave. The project has been passed to a French engineer Eugène Charmat that, around the 1910 built and licensed the autoclaves that will make possible the process created by Martinotti. This method allows to produce both sweet and dry sparkling wines, such as the sparkling Asti, Moscatos, Proseccos and aromatic Malvasias.

 

 

How to produce Prosecco

Prosecco can be produced by the Glera Vineyard, where there are specific kinds of white grapes, that can be used pure and exclusively or with 15% of Pinot, Chardonnay, Verdiso and Bianchetto grapes. The grapes are harvested and slightly pressed in steel tanks, until the most is extracted. This last element is mixed with enzimes and selected yeasts. After this process, the mixture is fermented at a 18 degrees temperature.

At this point, it is possible to continue with the creation of sparkling wine, in order to understand which kind of Prosecco can be produced. The Martinotti method will be used, where the wine is put into autoclaves with canned sugar and yeasts, fermenting. This step will last 50 days and later the bottling will begin.

Proseccos can be divided into

  • Brut: on the palate it is drier and with less saccarine concentrate, but it also tastier because of the almost acidic scent, perfect for food.
  • Extra brut: this also can be less sweet and dry, in confront with dry ones, because there is very little sugar
  • Dry: the sweetest kind of proseccos, the most preferred for aperitifs and desserts, with quantities of sugar residues between almost 17 and 32 grammes per liter.
  • Extra Dry: this kind can also taste very sweet and soft on the palate. It is the most preferred for aperitifs and desserts. The sugar is up to 12 and 17 grammes per liter.

 

 

 

The best Italian Sparkling wines

In pole position, there is the Contadi Castaldi Brut Franciacorta DOCG, with a yellow straw color and the soft foam. The scent is fresh, with floral notes of basswood, but also peach, apricot and a final spicy aftertaste. On the palate it is very full bodied, with a spicy aftertaste. It is perfect for aperitifs and paired with soups and veloutés. We also have the Bellavista Gran Cuvée Alma Brut Franciacorta DOCG, from the same family, a yellow straw colored wine with green nuances. The scent has some fruity notes and some nuances of vanilla. On the palate it is savory and soft, with fruity notes and a long finish. It is optimal for aperitifs and paired with fish dishes. At the end, we also have a prestigious prosecco, the Bortolomiol Prosecco Prior Brut Millesimato Valdobbiadene Superiore DOCG, a yellow straw colored wine, with a subdued and vibrant color. The scent has some floral and citrus fruits notes. The taste is fresh, with an aftertaste of balsamic notes.

 

On the website www.italianwinelover.it, you will find a great selection of Italian wines. There are also dessert wines, white wines and red wines, that you can order directly online from the best Italian wine wholesalers. On the website you can find the product data sheet, understand how it is made and take advantage of the discounts to refill your wine shop.